What Is Diazepam?

What Is Diazepam?

Given the high number of Diazepam users who have become addicted to the drug, it is important that we examine this drug in detail. Diazepam is a prescription drug belonging to a class known as benzodiazepines. These drugs are used due to their muscle-relaxing and anxiety relieving, as well as sedative effects.

The drug is known to work by adhering to GABA receptors in the brain and nervous system. This then induces the release of a type of neurotransmitter known as GABA in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals which are stored in the nerve cells in the nervous system and brain. They engage in the transmission of messages between nerve cells. GABA acts as a nerve calming agent helping to maintain the balance of nerve activity in the brain and thereby induces sleepiness, relaxed muscles, and lowered anxiety.

By increasing the release of the GABA in one’s brain, Diazepam heightens the calming effect, resulting in relaxed muscles, reduced anxiety, and sleepiness. Diazepam is used in a number of ways.

What Is Diazepam?

To begin with, it may be used for treating severe agitation and anxiety. It may actually be used as part of an initial treatment for manic episodes although it is not specifically licensed for such a purpose. This drug has a calming effect on the individual taking it, thereby allowing the key medications for manic episodes to begin taking effect.

Diazepam, in oral form, may be used as short term treatment for severe anxiety that is related to insomnia. It is also used in treating sleep walking and night terrors in children. The drug is known to reduce the time necessary for the user to fall asleep as well as nocturnal waking. It also improves the time an individual spends sleeping. Note that it is only suitable for treating anxiety and insomnia in the short term since it has high addiction and dependence potential. Bearing in mind that it maintains its active nature in the body for a relatively long time, the drowsiness may last well into the following day.

Diazepam may also be given for controlling convulsions that are, for example, related to poisoning or even seizures caused by fever in young children i.e. febrile convulsions. It has been particularly useful in controlling recurring epileptic fits in cases where the patient fails to recover consciousness between fits. Diazepam is useful in controlling convulsions due to the calming effects induced by increased GABA.

Diazepam may be administered as a rectal solution, by injection, as syrup or in tablet form depending on the particular condition that is being treated and the importance of response time. It is very important to stress that this drug is really only suitable for treatment in the short term.

If used for extended or prolonged periods or in very large doses, the individual user builds up a dependency to Diazepam and tolerance to the medication. In cases where the medication is stopped abruptly, withdrawal symptoms are likely to occur. It is vital that the treatment should be gradually phased out under the supervision of medical practitioners.

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